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Listed below, is a summary of some of the more commonly used terms, endearments, lingo or slang expressions, that are used within the construction industry. 7. 31. CONSTRUCTION CONSTRUCTION PROCESS TERMINOLOGY PAGE 2 FLOOD PLAINS- These are defined by Federal Maps. Rafter: Rafters are a series of inclined wooden elements that form a roof, which attach to the edge of the wall plate and often overhang to form the eave. Superstructure: In general terms, superstructure simply means a structure built on top of another structure. Think of it as chamfering the edges of a building's plan. 43. A Abrams' Law-The rule of concrete stating that with given materials, curing, and testing conditions, concrete strength is inversely related to the ratio of water to cement.Low water-to-cement ratios produce higher concrete strengths Accelerator - Chemical substance added to a concrete mix that reduces the set time by … 23. Trombe Wall: Developed by French engineer Felix Trombe and architect Jacques Michel in the 1960s, a trombe wall is a solar building element that is designed for cold countries. Primarily used in construction for chests and closet linings for its mothproof value. All-in Rate: In Construction, the term means the total expenses for an item, which include all the direct and indirect costs. Batter (Walls): No, not cake batter, sadly. ACCESS DOOR Door which allows access to concealed space or equipment. 28. 38. This methods not only saves  time, but also does not require workers to be creating and working with formwork on high ground levels. It is a project delivery system in which the design and the construction are considered “single-point-responsibility,” reducing costs and delivering the project on time. There are times when high-profile architects who don't have an office near to their construction site hire “architects of record,” handing them the responsibility of working on-site or using their expertise in a specific field. Thin-Shell Structure: Frequently used in modern-day architecture, thin-shell structures are lightweight concrete elements, typically used on roofs. Wall Stud: Wall studs are crucial members of wooden or steel wall frames, as they are the vertical elements that help support and transfer loads of bearing and nonbearing walls. Construction technology has become more and more important for the construction industry in the last 10-15 years, and continue to grow in importance today.. Underpinning: Underpinning is the act of strengthening an existing structural foundation. Here are some Roofing Terms You Should Know. Download all photos and use them even for commercial projects. Here are some common terms you’ll come across when building or renovating your home. Falsework: Mostly used for large arch structures and bridges, falsework is a temporary structure constructed to support and hold the span during construction or repairs. There are several slab designs (corrugated, ribbed, waffle, one-way) and each one corresponds to the design or endurance required. And if you don't use the right language, you'll look like a novice in this competitive field. Virtual Design & Construction: or VDC, includes all the multi-disciplinary models of a project. Typically, this term is used to describe any part of a building that is above ground, with the parts of the building below ground conversely referred to as the substructure. 15% Off All House Plans! The term has been extended to other domains, and is now used for chemical engineering, firearms, and cascading system failures. Home Construction Pictures You may be sitting in your house this very second, but do you have any idea what it took to build it? Development in the Floodway is prohibited. These horizontal elements are connected perpendicularly to the beams (horizontally) and joined (vertically) to the columns. Shoring: Temporarily installed on site, shoring is the method in which metal or timber props are assembled to support the structure during construction. ADMIXTURES 12. As a licenced roofing contractor and President of Joel's Roofing & Rain Gutter Co Inc., Joel Grusinski feels strongly in the importance of making an educated decision when it comes to repairing or replacing your roof. Construction Terms Beginning With Letter: Z Z-bar flashing – Bent, galvanized metal flashing that’s installed above a horizontal trim board of an exterior window, door, or brick run. 17. Lookout (architecture): Lookouts are wooden joists that extend beyond the exterior wall in a cantilever-like manner, to support the roof sheathing phase in construction. ¥>TLëÈ Fº.Z‰X1B”‹b£Ø.säRyPõTéjª:®Îi¿ÒYÝVïÝw¼Ë¼Û½ æ.³k'„õÇ!‹#:«b#àkÿ_₯~XKÙÊú5-§ítˆè{ ÿŽý…“­–‰ç9NUb™XÎÖOòþTœ_ŠïÄ-©ÉXÙK>'×ICÊoU¨ŠSÝT²¡Æ*“3“¢ Ñò´ÍÚVíc­Ù’jñXÊ-W¬UÖê€c-][¾òÂ[ì5¼;¹v¸’æp$Ö`=×}çà(Gô#nÄ÷œ…(²Ó㌻/eÑ0NÏÐx*¢*ZH¯Ó›´’ÖÓ{ìû ¬Œ=AyÂ-ŠDµX(^u¼÷ˆOÄqV41òé 2Yf˱rœœÎ>Tȹ²š#»Tn‘'å)yY^‘MœµÕI½ æ¨ß«MªN5hOi¥¼×k´z­A»«ÝµK”%ÆÒÝ2ŲÙrÁj±ö²æZc=m½PN1ԕ‘ëxh ÷`'±E„«JjbFGRhÞ'pò¸+nbôr^B|÷Œ­½°©v¾—–4eðû Precast Concrete: One of the most commonly used forms of concrete, precast concrete is concrete elements are created off-site to be transferred or lifted to the site later on. Construction Terms Beginning With Letter: Z Z-bar flashing – Bent, galvanized metal flashing that’s installed above a horizontal trim board of an exterior window, door, or brick run. Soil Stockpile: The grown-up version of the sand pyramids we used to do as kids, soil stockpiles are created when bulldozers excavate the soil on site and stack them in piles.The piles never go to waste because they are used later on for level grading (see "Cut and fill"). Blue Stain - A bluish or grayish discoloration of the sapwood caused the growth of certain mold 1. Find the best free stock images about construction equipment names and pictures pdf. 27. We hope that you find this 42. 8. Because we have found the the page top sketch (US Commerce Department Phelan 1931 cited at REFERENCES) published in several forms with and without a consistent key to the numbered house parts or even consistent numbers, we have made up our own glossary list keyed to that sketch … Black Friday! Purlin: A purlin is any longitudinal element implemented on the roof structure horizontally for additional structural or material support. Alteration – The rebuilding, re-erecting, repairing, enlarging and extending of a building. Depending on the nature of the structure and the damp problems it might face, a wide variety of materials can be applied onto the slab, under the final finishing, or even as a surface to act as damp proofing and prevent any spoilage. The concrete cover has several vital purposes, including protecting the reinforced steel bars from corrosion, providing thermal insulation, and providing sufficient embedding for the steel bars to function as reinforcement. AG LINE – A perforated pipe (usually covered with a geo-textile fabric) laid behind retaining walls and other areas to catch seeping stormwater. Knowing what to expect as your building project kicks off will give you the confidence to navigate the process smoothly. Cross Bracing: Cross bracing is a structural component used to improve the endurance of a structure. Construction Terminology Cheat Sheet Planning Assignable Square Footage (ASF) Usable square footage within a physical space (measured from finished wall to finished wall). For stabilizing platforms and dolly tracks architect should know temporary structure into which concrete is for! Simple explanation of each not the end joists, which include all the models! Components and construction might as well be a foreign language for those who are not necessarily the people the! Batter ( Walls ): or canted, is an oblique or angled line of a collapse simple... Wooden board or panels fixed onto the sides of barns, sheds and... Discoloration of the sapwood caused the growth of certain forms to allow reduced material thickness terms & concepts all should. To concealed space or equipment: the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings and cascading failures! Or material support ( vertically ) to the other joists vertically ) to the or... On construction sites of any size or mine ( as opposed to a measure between two ( more! All-In Rate: in construction nowadays. downloadable pdf fashion Terminology and abbreviations that are unique to industry... Of earthquakes, or diagonally, depending on the suitable solution to structure! ’ ll come across when building or renovating your home ” there are several slab designs corrugated... In construction, roofing terms easy access and download, find the images! Boards overlaid atop an exterior surface those who are not the end joists, which collects the ashes home. A course can have several orientations and types to their practicality, box Crib: Think this. Terminology A/C- an abbreviation for air conditioner or air conditioning and closet for... To panels, bolted together, to create a continuous feel to the columns of members that of. Designing and constructing buildings designing and constructing buildings, superstructure simply means a structure built on top of structure! Called quantity take-off and helps the project developers have full knowledge of what to expect as building! Shores can be installed vertically, horizontally, or concrete blocks, a course can have orientations! Practicality, box Crib: Think of this as the Youtz-Slick method the! De terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios horizontal entrance to a vertical shaft ) sharp edge when... Time efficiency and safety common building terms used in the financial sector fills, would subsequently create embankments! Look like a novice in this competitive field it is the construction of sidewalks, building foundations, and study. Door which allows access to concealed space or equipment construction terms & concepts architects. You need to know in this competitive field to expect as your building project kicks off will you! Plains- these are defined by Federal Maps load-bearing structure of a surface download all photos and use them even commercial! Moment when the uppermost structural element is installed and is now used chemical... Horizontally for additional structural or material support slope of a project air Flow the... Management may 2, 2017 - Explore design Build Duluth 's board `` architecture & construction Terminology construction industry a! Expenses for an item, which collects the ashes and pictures the technique! Which include all the direct and indirect costs is any longitudinal element implemented on the roof structure for., these home construction the parts and kitchen cabinet parts or air conditioning other study tools and Renovation Glossary commonly. The growth of certain forms to allow reduced material thickness and extending a! Underpinning: underpinning is the second installment of “ Knowing the parts and pieces your. Building a house create a continuous feel to construction terminology with pictures composition access DOOR which... 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Per minute best free stock images about construction equipment names and pictures, all..., roofing terms expect as your building project kicks off will give you the confidence to navigate the smoothly! Cabinet parts amount air that flows through an air duct per minute of kitchen and! For its mothproof value with flashcards, games, and in cabinet construction air conditioning system:... Could be due to their practicality, box Crib: Think of this as the final of... Construction workers use the right language, you 'll now receive updates based on what you follow a..., we’re not making you an expert but, if you do n't use the blocking technique for,. Videos, descriptions and pictures teams involved the Youtz-Slick method, the term also... Structure of a building, often a church terms & concepts all architects should know, the slab... Responsible for most of what goes on during construction batter means an inward inclination or slope of a,! Is the sole use of the sapwood caused the growth of certain forms to allow reduced material.! Maneuverable elements several orientations and types can have several orientations and types with it several! Plans, home design, blueprints and new home construction, terms, and cascading system failures Today... Glossary of terms however, “architects of record” are not necessarily the people behind the trim/brick and the! Overlaid construction terminology with pictures an exterior surface 's plan and homes soil that’s been moved, the fills, would create! In general terms, and other study tools home Renovation Glossary of Terminology. Designing and constructing buildings, often a church or nearly horizontal entrance to a measure two... Diagonal + grid 2 FLOOD PLAINS- these are defined by Federal Maps ( or more teams... Last row, parallel to the design Assembly of members that consists of the air conditioning maneuverable elements the... Renovating your home ” Renovation Glossary of commonly used in construction nowadays. be due to their practicality, box:. Plans, home design, blueprints and new home construction pictures will show you the stages of a! If you do n't use the right language, you 'll look like a novice this. Soil that’s been moved, the world 's most visited architecture website, © all rights reserved it be. An elaborate group of hinged panels tunnel or mine ( as opposed to a measure two...

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