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These tents often contain multiple Empresses, Consorts, and Concubines. Zhao Wanpu was only moved and exiled. [20][21] The women were sent to the Yongle and Xuande emperors in a total of 7 missions between 1408 and 1433. Consorts that attained the rank of Concubine (嫔) and above would be honoured with a residence in the main section (and hence manager) of a palace in the Forbidden City, and be able to self-title themselves as "本宫 (ben gong)" (literally, "This Palace") when addressing those below them. There exists a class of consorts called Ying (媵; yìng) during early historical times in China. On the other hand, if a consort held the rank of Empress but had no son or her son does not succeed the throne, she would be honoured as Mother Empress, Empress Dowager (母后皇太后; mǔ hòu huáng tài hòu) and is officially honoured as an Empress. [42] Muslim Central Asian girls were favored by Zhengde like how Korean girls were favored by Xuande. [34][35][36] Relations between Ming China and Joseon Korea improved dramatically and became much more amicable and mutually profitable during Yongle's reign. It was suggested that a system (not necessarily resembling the one listed above) was set up to prevent the situation of having two Empresses. The system was based on similar systems in the past. [50][51] Dorgon married two Korean princesses at Lianshan. [7] One of them was Empress Gi, who, through her political command and incorporation of Korean females and eunuchs in the court, spread Korean clothing, food, and lifestyle in the capital. [23] There was much speculation that the Yongle Emperor's real mother was a Korean[24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32] or Mongolian[33] concubine. [10][11] The entry of Korean women into the Mongol court was reciprocated by the entry of Mongol princesses into the Korean court, beginning with the marriage of Chungnyeol of Goryeo and a daughter of Kublai Khan; in total, 9 princesses of the Yuan court married into the Goryeo royal family. Rather, it offers a rough glimpse into the inner harem during the time. The ranking system was at its simplest, and only consists of Empress, Consort, and Concubine. It was during the reign of Shizu that the system of rankings listed below came into force: During the sinification of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Emperor Xiaowen reformed the consort ranking system to the system below: In the beginning, there were only three ranks for consorts: (夫人; fū rén), (嬪; pín), and (禦; yù). Zhao Xian's son Zhao Wanpu was kept alive by the Mongols because of his mother's royal Mongolian Borjigin ancestry even after Emperor Gong of Song was ordered to be killed by the Mongol Emperor Gegeen Khan. There are 5 other ranks of consorts: During these times, governments were replaced frequently, and as a result, it is difficult for modern scholars to derive any solid information on ranking systems during these times. In addition, the term (夫人; fū rén) is still used, albeit rarely and only in very formal settings, as an honorific title towards another person's wife in China. In 489, the position of (昭容; zhāo róng) was created to fill the gap created when (淑妃; shū fēi) was elevated to an independent category. [40] It is unknown who really was behind the anti-pig slaughter edict. [43] A Uighur concubine was kept by Zhengde. He was forced to execute her to prove that he still had the will to rule. She managed to put her nephew on the throne after possibly disposing of her son and the heir. [8] It became prestigious to marry Korean women among members of the Yuan elite. It was only until Emperor Wen's reign did a ranking system came into being: During the reign of Taizu, the consort ranking system was very simple, and only contained the rank of (夫人; fū rén). Paul Pelliot and John Andrew Boyle commented on Rashid-al-Din Hamadani's chapter The Successors of Genghis Khan in his work Jami' al-tawarikh, identified references by Rashid al-Din to Zhao Xian in his book where he mentions a Chinese ruler who was an "emir" and son-in-law to the Qan (Khan) after being removed from his throne by the Mongols and he is also called "Monarch of Song", or Suju (宋主 Songzhu) in the book.[15]. However, as Emperor Wucheng ascended to the throne, a system of rankings more sophisticated than any devised before was promulgated: During the reign of Emperor Xuan, five Empresses were created (unprecedented by Chinese standards): In addition, there were an innumerable number of consorts in the harem. 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