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If you have doubts on how to write the words, check the conversations above. Keep this guide handy and you’ll have no problem describing yourself and others! When learning a  new language, creating associations among words makes it easier to remember the new vocabulary. Oftentimes, you can relate certain personality traits to the activities people normally like or dislike to do. Muy, Bastante, Demasiado and Other Adverbs to take Personality Traits in Spanish to a Whole New Level . Ella es generosa. I think I should be more confident and optimistic in the things I do. At this point you have already noticed that some of these “adjetivos” for personality are written very similarly to the ones in English. As we mentioned before, some of these adjectives have synonyms like “Listo/Inteligente”, “malhumorado/antipático” as well as antonyms like “inteligente/tonto” and “malhumorado/simpático”. No me gusta ser pesimista y trato de ser activo e independiente. For example, if we were to use the adjective simpático/a , meaning “nice,” you would conjugate the verb ser in … Powered by WordPress. You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz. If loading fails, click here to try again, It is time to test your listening comprehension of the content of the, Cintia es cuidadosa, optimista, alegre y práctica, Cintia es cuidadosa, pesimista, malhumorada y despistada, Cintia es cuidadosa, optimista, creativa y generosa, Cintia mentions several types of personality traits in the first description. Have you noticed that a personality trait can have different degrees? First of all, personality traits in Spanish are actually adjectives, so sentences with these words must follow noun-adjective agreement rules. Es optimista, activo e independiente, The most accurate description for the man is the first one. Learn Spanish with free, communicative lessons. La familia – Describing your family in Spanish, Describing People’s Physical Appearance in Spanish, Feelings and Emotions in Spanish: List, Conversations and Quiz, Describing a House in Spanish: SER + Adjectives, Describing your Bedroom in Spanish – La Habitación, Pastimes, Likes & Dislikes in Spanish – PDF Worksheet, Talking about Personality in Spanish – PDF Worksheet, The bedroom, adverbs and negative sentences, La Rutina - Describing your Daily Routine in Spanish, Drinks in Spanish: Vocabulary and Listening. En buen sentido means “In a good sense”2. The words in the picture below are probably the most common personality traits you will hear in real life interactions, but we encourage you to find others and use them to describe your personality in Spanish and others as well. How would you describe your personality? Cynthia: I was thinking right now about our personality. You have already completed the quiz before. With this guide in your back pocket you will be prepared to describe your favorite, and least favorite, personality traits, as well as those of the people around you. If you leave this page, your progress will be lost. When using Spanish personality traits, the structure of the sentence changes a little bit compared to the use of other adjectives. Me gusta ayudar a otras personas, así que también soy generosa. Well, you mean my physical appearance or my personality? Hay muchos rasgos de personalidad diferentes. You have to finish following quiz, to start this quiz: Complete the mini-conversation with the information in the recording. Also, all these adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they describe, in this case a woman, but if you were talking about a man you should say “El es cuidadoso, optimista…” and so on. La personalidad es un tema interesante. I like challenges and I like to share with others. I am sociable when I should be and intelligent too. Notice that the phrase RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD is used to refer to personality traits. No es pesimista, sino activo e independiente, Roger es una persona enojada y solitaria. For instance, if someone says “Me gustan escalar montañas” (I like to climb mountains…), then you could infer that he is “aventurero”. If you want to know the other person’s opinion, then you should ask “¿Qué opinas tú?“. Many adjectives end in “o” which means they must be changed to “a” when they modify a feminine noun. By studying these 100+ traits, you’ll be able to expand your vocabulary and describe people with precise terms. Here is a list of the most common adjectives used to talk about the negative characteristics of a person. Using the Verb Ser to Talk About Personality Traits Since personality traits are seen as constant and unchanging, the verb ser , rather than estar , is always used with personality adjectives. By the way, optimista and alegre are neuter adjectives so we do not alter their gender from masculine to feminine, so it is correct to say “El es optimista y alegre” and “Ella es optimista y alegre”. Cintia: La verdad es que sí. Roger: Esta bien… trataré de ser más simpático de ahora en adelante. Please wait while the activity loads. Roger es una persona serena y reservada. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. Listen the last sample conversation using all of the things we have explained so far. Hence you can not start it again. Roger: It’s true. Sometimes I’m clueless, so I will try to be more careful like you. Key expressions in the conversation: 1. First, we often use the words “una persona” after the verb SER for descriptions of people in Spanish, for example “una persona solitaria” (a lonely person). Remember that personality trait adjectives must always agree in number and gender with the noun they modify. ¿Cómo describirías tu personalidad? Here is an example with the adjective inteligente, meanng “intelligent.”. Roger: Hola Cintia ¿Te gustó el tema de la clase de psicología de hoy? Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Me gusta tener muchos amigos, así que también soy amistosa… ¿Qué opinas? © Copyright 2020 SpanishLearningLab. For example, if we were to use the adjective simpático/a, meaning “nice,” you would conjugate the verb ser in the present tense. In addition, you can say what kind of person you would like to be using “Me gustaría ser + adjetivo” (I would like to be…) or “Trataré de ser + adjetivo” (I will try to be…). Sin ofender means “No offense”3. Second, we use the word NO before SER to say what personality trait we do not have, for example: “No soy malhumorado” and “No soy independiente”, Ella dice que él es despistado y simpático, Ella dice que él es inteligente y malhumorado. Sentences describing personality in Spanish usually follow the structure: Sujeto + ES/SON (from the verb SER) + adjective, eg. ¿Cómo describes tu personalidad? Everyone has both positive and negative qualities when it comes to their personalities. Once you are finished, click the button below. ¡Hasta pronto! I am very imaginative and creative. Cintia: Buena pregunta… Yo creo que soy cuidadosa, optimista, alegre y práctica. What are some common adverbs of degree in Spanish? If you want to describe your personality in Spanish, then you should start with “Yo soy + adjetivos” or perhaps “(Yo) No soy + adjetivos”. There are many words you can learn for personality traits – “rasgos de personalidad” – and that is why we will learn some of these adjectives in this lesson. Also, keep in mind that some adjectives, such as pesimista (pessimistic) and egoísta (egotistical), end in “a” for both female and male nouns. Vamos! In this case he says “Eres ambiciosa” being “eres” the conjugation for the pronoun “Tú” of the verb SER. There are days when I feel that I am morose …. We must change the verb “SER” depending on the subject of the sentence. Es pesimista, poco activo e independiente, Roger es una persona sociable y alegre. Roger: How am I? Since personality traits are seen as constant and unchanging, the verb ser, rather than estar, is always used with personality adjectives. Pienso que también eres ambiciosa, en buen sentido, y muy creativa también. or even ¿Qué tipo de persona eres?. Well, it seems Roger is “Inteligente” and “Malhumorado”. Roger: Cierto. Cintia: Pues yo creo que eres muy inteligente, pero también eres malhumorado a veces sin ofender. Also, this page requires javascript. Are you interesting, intelligent, sporty, or lazy? It is very similar to the one used to describe people’s appearance. Synonyms and antonyms are very easy to identify in the vocabulary for personality traits in Spanish. See all of this in use in the sample conversation below: When someone asks you “¿Cómo eres?”, they could be asking about your physical appearance as well. This conversation includes some of the expressions and questions presented in the examples. In order to ask “what kind of person are you?”, use the questions ¿Cómo eres (tú)?, ¿Cómo es tu personalidad? Click on PLAY when you are ready. Very patient, quite patient, or extremely patient. You can be really lazy or a little lazy. In the end we are all a combination of personality traits, from optimistic to pessimistic, hateful to sympathetic, but that’s what makes us interesting. how someone “used to be”) the verb ser is used in the imperfect tense. There are two things to point out. Spanish adjectives usually have one or several antonyms and synonyms, “Sinónimos y Antónimos”. LOS SINÓNIMOS are words that mean the same or almost the same like INTELIGENTE and LISTO (smart), whereas LOS ANTÓNIMOS are words that mean the opposite like OPTIMISTA and PESIMISTA. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. o How do you feel you are? We hope you found the examples very useful and that you can use this knowledge as a basis to describe your personality in Spanish. Roger: Well, I think I’m very quiet and serene most of the time. That being said, if you want to say something like “he is optimistic”, then you should say “Él es optimista” using ÉL as the subject of the sentence, ES as the main verb and OPTIMISTA as the personality trait. Comencemos…. Here is a list of the most common adjectives used to talk about the positive characteristics of a person. Most of the time the question will be about your personality though. 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