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The Fluid and Electrolyte Balance Act. The body’s homeostatic control mechanisms ensure that a balance between fluid gain and fluid loss is maintained. However, in … Start studying 9.1 Renal Regulation of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance. The three fluid compartments of the body are interdependent. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance. Maintenance of plasma volume is essential for adequate tissue perfusion. The main food sources of electrolytes are fruits and vegetables. It works primarily by promoting renal reabsorption of sodium, thus causing the body to retain sodium. The hormonal regulation of fluid and electrolyte balance requires an intricate interaction between aldosterone, ADH, and ANP. Alterations in the levels of these hormones are partly responsible for changes in fluid balance associated with aging. Fluid and electrolyte balance is a dynamic process that is crucial for life and homeostasis. ; Body fluid is located in two fluid compartments: the intracellular space and the extracellular space. This is why someone who has acidosis breathes rapidly to correct the condition and why hyperventilation can lead to respiratory alkalosis. Aldosterone is the major mineralocorticoid, responsible for at least 95% of all mineralocorticoid activity. Fluid occupies almost 60% of the weight of an adult. ; Electrolytes in body fluids are active chemicals or cations that carry positive charges and anions that carry negative charges. 1997 Jul;11(2):367-87. doi: 10.1016/s0950-351x(97)80347-3. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The kidneys help maintain electrolyte balance by controlling how much fluid and electrolytes are released in the urine, and the lungs remove carbon dioxide from the blood, which makes the blood less acidic. Inside our cells is potassium and outside the cells is the sodium. Electrolytes are minerals in your body that have an electric charge. Fluid and electrolyte homeostasis in the elderly: physiological changes of ageing and clinical consequences Baillieres Clin Endocrinol Metab . Although water makes up the largest percentage of body volume, it is not actually pure water but rather a mixture of cells, proteins, glucose, lipoproteins, electrolytes, and other substances. The best way to reach and maintain electrolyte balance is through a healthy diet. The mineralocorticoids, secreted from the adrenal cortex, maintain electrolyte balance in the extracellular fluids, especially that of sodium(Na +) and potassium(K +). The blood electrolytes—sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate—help regulate nerve and muscle function and maintain acid-base balance and water balance. While the water or fluids are moved in and out depending on need or activity, the body can also move the electrolytes. Some fluid is lost through perspiration (part of the body’s temperature control mechanism) and as water vapor in expired air. Electrolytes help maintain the balance of water in the body compartments. The majority of fluid output occurs from urination. Their homeostasis relies on systems that regulate water balance and, as the principal extracellular solute, sodium balance. They are present in blood, urine, body fluids and every cell of the body. The two work together to maintain the balance. Every biological chemical process involves a balance between water and the electrolytes in the intracellular fluid (ICF) and the extracellular fluid (ECF). Maintaining the right balance of electrolytes is key to homeostasis and overall health. Electrolytes are substances that, when dissolved in water, dissociate into charged ions. 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