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“Plant Invigorator” products, may also be worth a try. The round bodies in the photo are mite eggs. I am constantly reminded of that, as I do routine plant maintenance, when I see mild to moderate amounts of plant damage caused by cutter bees, aphids, spider mites, rust, torn leaves, sun burnt leaves, broken branches and a few gall mite plant blemishes, all of which are a part of nature’s normal plant life cycle. I always say, if you cut off the gall mite plant blemishes today, and I visit your home tomorrow, I will immediately be drawn to your beautiful fuchsias. This has proved to be an efficient way … Bad news like fuchsia gall mites only remains to be bad news, if people fail to respond to the problem. Both fuchsias have been in our landscape for over 40 years. Remove all leaves, flowers, buds and loose bark. I did not let them multiply. Rodney Bergquist article: My New 2010 F.G.M. Dr. Peter Baye, Ph.D. Botany, of the American Fuchsia Society has written articles on fuchsia gall mite and has hybridized fuchsias that are gall mite resistant. These steps were originally recommended to me by Peter Baye, several years ago, and have been written in previous bulletin articles. and Bristol UK Prune away any new growth that is showing early symptoms. Initially the American Fuchsia Society (AFS) probably over reacted to the fuchsia gall mite problem causing our own fears. cover most of next year’s eggs that may have been laid. One is named ‘Cardinal’ and the other is named, F. magallancia. This project started in late March and the results evaluated in mid-September. Eleven individual plants were infected, six showed damage again later and two plants were discarded because they continued to show severe galling. As Directors we visited all fuchsia branches and presented programs from Los Angles, CA to Vancouver, BC. Al Sydnor It was detected in California in 1981 and spread north into the Pacific Northwest. Those fuchsias could be put on a high maintenance list, and would not be recommended to new members, but would still be available to experienced growers who are willing to put forth the additional effort required to maintain these plants. Growers in the Santa Clara Valley feel the gall mite is prevalent. How do I maintain these fuchsias? We need to soften our fuchsia gall mite terminology. Fuchsia Gall Mite is Controllable Was there a control group? What are galls? We need to stop promoting our own bad press . In the 1980s fuchsia gall mite struck fiercely in California raising havoc with fuchsias and many less dedicated growers quit raising them. But my neighbors do not grow any fuchsias so the wind and hummingbirds do not transmit it. I had a new idea while putting together my convention program that might be worth considering. Accord- ingly, two severely galled plants of each 0 r 7 The microscopic fuchsia gall mites live and reproduce in the folds of galled tissue and among the plant hairs. Then I cut off the gall, one node below the plant blemish and move them to our trash bin location. Fuchsia Gall Mite is Controllable Al Sydnor Director and Past President of the AFS. Summer maintenance is also an important part of controlling fuchsia gall mites. Never were their opinions verified or documented. It appears gall mite is still a problem in California and along the Oregon coast. Pruning Infected Fuchsias. of heat treatment of mite-infested plants as a of disinfesting them. Only 8% of the fuchsias were affected by fuchsia gall mite in the test period. After removing the developing galls, continue to reduce the number of gall mites on you plant by thoroughly spraying the plants foliage with a non-toxic solution of 70% Isopropyl Because my program presentation at the 2010 Oregon Fuchsia Convention seemed to be well received, I thought I should try to share some of the program information in an article with members who were not able to attend the convention. At the AFS 2004 Convention I talked with various growers from California to Vancouver BC. Washington and Vancouver have few instances of it. Each out break of gall mite needs to be recorded, of 4: This has proved to be an efficient way of keeping mite damage under control. I would spray when the plants leaf out with the alcohol mix and then determine a spraying schedule. IMPORTANT: Fuchsia Gall Mite has been detected in Brittany, the Channel Islands and now along the south coast – DON'T bring plants or cuttings back from any of these areas unless purchased from a nursery. Prune the plant back as far as you dare. Every 7 to 10 days, Janis & I check all our fuchsias for newly developing galls. The simplest thing we can do to help ourselves control gall mites, is remove the developing galls. According to Will Gibbs, past president of the NWFS, they throw out the diseased plant. If you want to significantly reduce the number of gall mites on your fuchsias, do the following; When it’s time to prune: It can only be proven if growers are willing to try it and keep detailed records to confirm the outcome Spray carefully to achieve complete coverage. He also said; “Up to this point, most of us have only considered how horrible the gall mite plant damage can become. One day when Peter Baye was visiting, (Kelp and fertilizer are not a control of gall mite. This experiment in gall mite control as with any published experiment must be duplicated and confirmed by growers to prove its validity. Eureka and Crescent City members said this was an especially bad year in respect to the mite. Why is that? I use a quart container, put one cup of the 70% Isopropyl Rubbing Alcohol into the quart container, then add a few drops of liquid soap as a sticking agent, then When do the galls become a problem? Now that we have accepted the fact that gall mites are not going away, for various reasons, we have moved on to a more practical, common sense approach to controlling the amount of plant damage, the gall mites can cause. Maybe and maybe not. Maybe a more practical approach might be; for us to spend our time and effort identifying HIGH MAINTENANCE FUCHSIAS. They advocated the use of products that were not recommended by the manufacturer. If we hope to return fuchsias to popularity, we need to be able to tell other fuchsia growers and the general public with confidence; this is how I control fuchsia gall mites in our yard. Early Symptoms: Thickening, distortion, hairiness and possible colour changes. We soon learned that some fuchsia growers are dead set in their opinions of what works best for their fuchsias. Or, I will go somewhere and buy a new fuchsia, which also has the possibility of bringing in a new generation of gall mites”. These are not pesticides per se, but plant growth stimulants that control pests by physical methods. and Bristol UK Fewer gallmites living on your plant will create fewer galls. It was first described from specimens in Brazil. Use plant protection products safely. However, if you hope to achieve fuchsia gall mite treatment without chemicals, oils and soaps applied every seven to ten days may be worth a try. Method 2 If you leave the galls on the plant, the baby gall mites will mature, become adults, leave the gall, and move to different branches, lay more eggs, which will create more galls. In summary: You will not normally see any gall mite plant blemishes in our yard. After 10 years of maintaining these two landscape fuchsias, I finally realized that I had been controlling the amount of gall mite plant damage on these two fuchsias by simply Thoroughly spray the plant with horticultural oil, at winter strength. Quick facts. Al Sydnor, e-mail aesydnor@earthlink.net. Fuchsia gall mite, Aculops fuchsiae. I spent about three years being obsessed with eliminating all the gall mites on my fuchsias using various extreme control methods. The only way to control it at the moment is to destroy all infected plants, without spreading gall mites around. Director and Past President of the AFS, Elsie and I joined the American Fuchsia Society in 1985 and the AFS Board of Directors in 1989. Alternatively bin the plant in your local council green waste. As Directors we visited all fuchsia branches and presented programs from Los Angles, CA to Vancouver, BC. I play hide and seek with the gall mites, they hide and I seek to find them. Today, though, fuchsias are still being grown and widely available all along the Pacific Coast. Growing fuchsias in California is not doom & gloom . You can try cutting off affected stems but as the mites are microscopic the chances are pretty high that you won’t get them all. Peter Baye article: Learning to Live with Fuchsia Gall Mites in our July-September 2009 AFS Bulletin. They touted how well their fuchsias performed. Janis & I visited several members’ gardens this year and not once did we see any gall mite plant blemishes. What is Aculops (Genus) fuchsiae (species) Kiefer (person who first described it scientifically) – a microscopic mite that will burrow into the nice juicy parts of fuchsias. gall mites, that I have a lot of friends that do not like gall mites, so I am going to move your newly constructed housing to a new location, where you and your family will readily be It’s because Janis & I understand the need to be proactive. We need to see the bigger picture. The oil will smother the adult gall mites that are trying to winter over, and will also Gall Mite Control starts with pruning: Perspective in our January – March 2010 AFS Bulletin. Now that we have accepted the fact that gall mites are not going away, for various reasons, we have moved on to a more practical, common sense approach to controlling the amount of plant damage, the gall mites can cause. Most of us, even new members, with very little fuchsia experience would be able to identify really bad, uncontrollable amounts of plant damage. Dr. Peter Baye, Ph.D. Botany, of the American Fuchsia Society has written articles on fuchsia gall mite and has hybridized fuchsias that are gall mite resistant. Galls are SWOLLEN abnormal disfigured plant growth, normally on a leaf, leaf stem or bud. All fuchsias had been sprayed in November and December with Volck Oil to smother any pests on the plants. Cut off any infected areas at least 2 in (5.1 cm) below the damage. In our garden this method of control works. I added liquid kelp and water-soluble fertilizer to the mixture per manufacture’s instruction. This is the first step the AFS recommends for Gall Mite control. If in doubt do call your council to check that they can dispose of this safely. Better instead to remove the whole plant and then burn or bury the material. of 4: Rubbing Alcohol. During June, July and August five plants per month were affected by gall mite. However, it does not have to be all ugly or no gall mite plant damage at all. I told him that all my extreme control efforts had not eliminated all the gall mites on my fuchsias, and that I was frustrated and discouraged. Fuchsia gall mites are fairly tolerant of insecticides, so spraying is unlikely to be effective. Prune away any new growth that is showing early symptoms. The galls can easily be removed (cut off) in about the same amount of time it takes to dead head an old rose flower. (AFS Bulletin May/June 2003, page 10) Because we cannot see fuchsia gall mites, it’s difficult for growers to verify that a fuchsia actually has live gall mites on it, so you can not be sure the plant is actually gall mite resistant. How to Fight Fuschia Gall Mites Method 1 When you remove the galls, you are removing future generations of gall mites and future generations of gall mite plant damage. In our yard, Janis & I have two very large fuchsias. He said, “You are trying too hard to kill all the gall mites on your fuchsias, because in the end, it does not matter. Watering – Learning Experiences get various amounts of gall mite plant blemishes in our...., though, fuchsias are still being grown and widely available all along Oregon... I decided to try his method and keep records in previous Bulletin articles still... The whole plant and then burn or bury the material California and along Oregon! Appears to be sound advice where so few plants are badly damaged, you may want dispose! 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