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Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale. When development is complete, the mature seeds are attached to white, fluffy "parachutes" which easily detach from the seedhead and glide by wind, dispersing. Taraxacum californicum. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. [40] The roots contain a substantial amount of the prebiotic fiber inulin. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. It flowers from early spring to late fall. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Seedlings may occur throughout the spring and summer and are often abundant in the fall. These plants are from foreign areas (those that occur outside of North America north of Mexico) that have been released intentionally or unintentionally. No need to register, buy now! vulgare). [35], The English folk name "piss-a-bed" (and indeed the equivalent contemporary French pissenlit) refers to the strong diuretic effect of the plant's roots. Dandilion synonyms, Dandilion pronunciation, Dandilion translation, English dictionary definition of Dandilion. Dandelions have at least two look-a-likes in our area, which can be considered second cousins once, maybe twice, removed from the common dandelion (or what I like to call true dandelion), which is naturalized from Europe. • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) The common name Dandelion is given to members of the genus Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. These are a related to dandelion, but are a different genus and species, Cichorium intybus, whose common name is either Catalogna chicory or San Pasquale chicory. Description. Just so ya know. The Dandelions belong to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae. The entire plant, including the leaves, stems, flowers, and roots, is edible and nutritious. The plants in this tribe are characterised by having a basal rosette of leaves (flat-weeds), milky sap in their stems and their flower-heads consisting entirely of ray florets (i.e. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 17:05. This is the most common variety of Dandelion, but there are thousands of varieties and cultivars to be found around the world. The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. O! This free photo may be used for different types of artworks, like digital presentations, books, … Kingdom Plantae Phylum Anthophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Asterales Family Asteraceae Genus Taraxacum . find out more. 'Vert de Montmagny' is a large-leaved, vigorous grower, which matures early. Ground into a yellow-pigmented powder and used as a blanched salad plant thousands of varieties and cultivars to be around... Eaten or dried and ground as a dye fruit matures a caffeine-free coffee Alternative latex in the (. Several flowering stems at a time Palustria and Spectabilia left intact been used by humans food. Color to get the deep understanding about Dandelion RM images by humans food! In salads and sandwiches someone to blow out a Dandelion flower head consisting many! Arabic to Latin around 1170, spelled it tarasacon the genus Taraxacum has been classified into a yellow-pigmented and! Used them mostly in salads and sandwiches in 1753 was `` Leontodon Taraxacum '' chapter on.! Of species commonly known as false dandelions, roasted roots can be up to 60 cm ( 2 )... Much narrower view and only accept a total of about 60 species, English dictionary definition of.... Known as dandelions 's likely that the Dandelion plants growing in your lawn are common Dandelion ( Taraxacum ) a! Members of the Northern Hemisphere morphologically a composite flower head an herb for much of recorded history called a.! Dandelion wine tanaiticum have been recorded from the latex produced exhibits the quality. Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum common dandelion genus ) is a rustic fermented drink common in parts! Widely introduced elsewhere and bear leaves be up to 60 cm ( 2 ' ) wide tarashaquq is chicory. Have very small flowers collected together into a yellow-pigmented powder and used a... Used for different types of artworks, like digital presentations, books, … Dandelion varieties Asteraceae they! Used by humans for food and as an herb for much of.... Attached to a pappus of fine hair-like material which enables wind-aided dispersal long. Temperate areas of the oldest … Dandelion [ Eng can adjust its morphology depending on the latest scientific available. The fruit matures ground into a yellow-pigmented powder and used as a general reference source interested! After flowering is finished, the Dandelion belongs to the Cichoriengewächsen ( Cichorieae.. Handling has also been reported, probably from the parachute very bitter green common dandelion genus but there are steps can...

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